The Test match against South Africa, from June 27-30, forms the first part of the multi-format series which also includes three ODIs and three T20Is in July.
Issy Wong, the 20-year-old fast bowler, has been named as a travelling reserve, not for the first time as she continues her development.
Right-arm seamer Arlott first came into international consideration a year ago when she was selected in the squad for England’s home Test against India on the back of a quadruple-wicket maiden in a five-wicket haul for Central Sparks in the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Trophy.
Lauren Bell, a tall right-arm swing bowler, has been impressive on the domestic circuit for some time, including her 3 for 12 for Southern Vipers against Lightning in the Charlotte Edwards Cup.
Right-arm quick Davies has played seven ODIs and 17 T20Is and played a part in England’s Ashes and World Cup campaigns earlier this year.
Davidson-Richards returns to the England fold for the first time in four years, having played her only ODI in India in April 2018 and her five T20Is the previous month while fellow allrounder Lamb made her international debut last summer, playing her only T20I against New Zealand at Chelmsford in September before making two ODI appearances, during this year’s Ashes and World Cup.
England also named a 16-player Women’s A squad, captained by Georgia Elwiss and coached by John Stanworth, for a three-day fixture against South Africa, which starts on June 21 at Arundel. Nine of those selected in the A squad are yet play international cricket.
Lisa Keightley, England Women’s head coach, expects the newcomers to inject “energy and enthusiasm” into the Test squad.
“We’re at the beginning of a new ICC Women’s Championship cycle, which starts for us with the India ODIs [in September], and it’s natural that we’re looking forward with one eye on who may be a key player for us come 2025,” Keightley said.
“Similarly with Katherine Brunt retired from Test cricket and Anya Shrubsole from all forms of the international game, a number of bowling spots have opened up which is hugely exciting for those players. I’m sure they’ll all be very keen to grab their opportunity.
“We have to balance having the appropriate back-up for the senior squad while also giving playing opportunities. We need our players to play as much cricket as possible, which is why we have a deliberately small Test squad while the England Women’s A team are in action against South Africa. It really is a massive summer, with the Commonwealth Games just around the corner, and we can’t wait to get started with the red ball in Taunton.”
England Women A: Georgia Elwiss (capt), Maia Bouchier, Danni Gibson, Sarah Glenn, Freya Kemp, Eve Jones, Ella McCaughan, Kalea Moore, Tara Norris, Grace Potts, Grace Scrivens, Alexa Stonehouse, Mady Villiers, Lauren Winfield-Hill, Danni Wyatt.